IMPORTANCE OF RECORD KEEPING
- Production of balance sheet
- Compare performance of batches
- Compare breed performance for selection
- Reference to previous Successes
- Avoid previous mistakes
- Copy standard procedures
- Reference for visitors, auditors, bankers etc
- Reference to drug efficacy to certain disease out breaks
- Compare feed efficiency
- Profitability calculation
- Shows number of birds present
- Show age of birds
- Show number of Eggs produced
- Mortality pattern for certain encountered out breaks recorded for future reference
- Drug type and administration schedule as reference to follow for handling similar outbreaks
Terms: The following terms are presented in this lesson.
- Breeding stock
Record keeping is extremely important to successful poultry production.
- Financial decisions-before creating a budget or making important and costly financial decisions, records need to be analyzed.
- Feeding decisions-records are useful in deciding what types of feed rations, the quantity of feed rations, and the effectiveness of a specific feed ration.
- Breeding decisions-when deciding which birds to mate, past breeding records can be put to use.
- Productivity of birds-records should be kept on the productivity of birds (eggs, reproduction, pounds of meat, etc.) to be used when the flock must be culled.
- There are different types of records to keep in poultry production.
- These systems vary by many factors.
- Species raised – The records kept for different species of poultry are going to differ because of the different uses. For example chicken records are going to be different from turkey records.
- Breed raised – Certain breeds are raised for a specific purpose (laying, broilers, breeding), and therefore need different records.
- Type of bird – The type of bird raised is going to determine the record keeping system. Some chickens are raised for egg production (for consumption), egg production (for repopulating), meat production, etc.
- There are different records to keep for chickens.
- Chicks – chicks are young birds before the growth process has started. The records for chicks may include date hatched, date moved to pullet/broiler house, feed consumption, and water consumption.
- Pullets – pullets are birds growing to become layers. Certain records to be kept for these birds include feed consumption, water consumption, and light-dark hours.
- Layers – layers are female birds that are in the stage of laying eggs. Records needed include feed consumption, water consumption, and egg production.
- Broilers – broilers are raised to be harvested for chicken meat to consume. Specific records may include feed consumption, water consumption, weight, average daily gain, days on feed, and processing date.
- Breeding stock – breeding stock are used to produce birds to repopulate the flock. Breeding date, birds mated, and hatching date are examples of important records.
- Turkeys require specific records.
- Poults – poults are young birds that will be raised to be harvested for consumption. Specific records may include feed consumption, water consumption, weight, average daily gain, days on feed, and processing date.
- Breeding Stock – breeding stock are used to produce birds to repopulate the flock. Breeding date, birds mated, and hatching date are examples of important records to keep.
DIFFERENT RECORD KEEPING FORMS USED IN POULTRY PRODUCTION.
- Whenever you begin a record keeping system, you must learn about the information requested on each form.
- Mortality (death) of birds – every day a record should be taken of any birds that did not survive.
- Feed used – daily records need to be taken on the quantity of feed fed to
- Cost – Financial records must be kept of any items bought or sold, e.g. feed, veterinary costs, equipment, supplies, birds, etc.
- Vaccinations – Specific vaccinations may be needed, depending on the bird and location of production facility. An accurate record must be kept to insure sufficient withdrawal times.
- Hens removed – Periodically hens must be removed from the flock when their productivity is too low. Be sure to keep record of which bird, when she was removed, and the reason for removal.
- Eggs produced – Eggs must be collected and recorded daily. Be sure to include any inconsistency noticed.
Application: Application can involve one or more of the following activities using:
Pullet Growing Record
Monthly Laying Flock Record
Date chicks started: ________ No. chicks started: ________ Breed or cross: _______
Mortality (number of chicks that died)
Chick starter _______kg Cost ________NGN Cost of fuel ________
Grower _______kg Cost ________NGN Cost of chicks ________
Broiler Feed _______kg Cost ________NGN Cost of feed ________
Other _______kg Cost ________NGN Other ________
TOTAL _______kg Cost ________NGN Total________
Chicks dead to end of brooding period _________
Weight of feed used per chick started __________
Weight of feed used per chick raised ___________
Income (birds sold or used as broilers)__________
Net profit or loss ____________________
Date chicks started: April 1 No. chicks started: 50 Breed or cross: local grown
Mortality (number of chicks that died)
PULLET GROWING RECORD
(Starts at 10th week and ends at the completion of week first eggs were laid)
Number of birds at 10 weeks ___________
Mortality (number of pullets that died)
10th week __________ 16th week __________ 22nd week __________
11th week __________ 17th week __________ 23rd week __________
12th week __________ 18th week __________ 24th week __________
13th week __________ 19th week __________ 25th week __________
14th week __________ 20th week __________
15th week __________ 21st week __________ TOTAL __________
Total Cost of Vaccination __________
Weight Feed Used
Total Feed Costs ____________________
Number of birds that died during growing period __________
Weight per pullet for the growing period __________
Brooding costs __________
Pullet growing costs __________
Total cost to date __________
MONTHLY LAYING FLOCK RECORD
Date hens started to lay __________ Number hens at start of laying __________
Number hens that died or were removed from the flock
1st month ____________________ 7th month ____________________
2nd month ____________________ 8th month ____________________
3rd month ____________________ 9th month ____________________
4th month ____________________ 10th month ___________________
5th month ____________________ 11th month ___________________
6th month ____________________ 12th month ___________________
|Monthly Totals||Egg Sales|
Feed Used Cost
Layer ________kg ________
Oyster shell ________kg ________
Other ________kg ________
Total ________kg ________
Feed per hen for period __________
Average number eggs per hen
Total egg sales _______
Total costs at start of lay _______
Feed & other costs during lay _______
Total _______ profit or loss _______
(Include in your records the value of all eggs used at home. Calculate value based on retail market price at time of use.)
Mr Okunlola Adewumi
Farmergiant Nigeria Limited
For more information contact Farmergiant Nigeria Limited on poultry equipments,consultancy e.t.c