1. Production of balance sheet
  2. Compare performance of batches
  3. Compare breed performance for selection
  4. Reference to previous Successes
  5. Avoid previous mistakes
  6. Copy standard procedures
  7. Reference for visitors, auditors, bankers etc
  8. Reference to drug efficacy to certain disease out breaks
  9. Compare feed efficiency
  10. Profitability calculation
  11. Shows number of birds present
  12. Show age of birds
  13. Show number of Eggs produced
  14. Mortality pattern for certain encountered out breaks recorded for future reference
  15. Drug type and administration schedule as reference to follow for handling similar outbreaks

Terms: The following terms are presented in this lesson.


  • Breeding stock
  • Broilers
  • Chicks
  • Layers
  • Mortality
  • Poults
  • Pullet


Record keeping is extremely important to successful poultry production.

  1. Financial decisions-before creating a budget or making important and costly financial decisions, records need to be analyzed.
  2. Feeding decisions-records are useful in deciding what types of feed rations, the quantity of feed rations, and the effectiveness of a specific feed ration.
  3. Breeding decisions-when deciding which birds to mate, past breeding records can be put to use.
  4. Productivity of birds-records should be kept on the productivity of birds (eggs, reproduction, pounds of meat, etc.) to be used when the flock must be culled.


  1. There are different types of records to keep in poultry production.


  1. These systems vary by many factors.
    1. Species raised – The records kept for different species of poultry are going to differ because of the different uses. For example chicken records are going to be different from turkey records.


  1. Breed raised – Certain breeds are raised for a specific purpose (laying, broilers, breeding), and therefore need different records.


  1. Type of bird – The type of bird raised is going to determine the record keeping system. Some chickens are raised for egg production (for consumption), egg production (for repopulating), meat production, etc.


  1. There are different records to keep for chickens.
    1. Chicks – chicks are young birds before the growth process has started. The records for chicks may include date hatched, date moved to pullet/broiler house, feed consumption, and water consumption.


  1. Pullets – pullets are birds growing to become layers. Certain records to be kept for these birds include feed consumption, water consumption, and light-dark hours.
  2. Layers – layers are female birds that are in the stage of laying eggs. Records needed include feed consumption, water consumption, and egg production.
  3. Broilers – broilers are raised to be harvested for chicken meat to consume. Specific records may include feed consumption, water consumption, weight, average daily gain, days on feed, and processing date.
  4. Breeding stock – breeding stock are used to produce birds to repopulate the flock. Breeding date, birds mated, and hatching date are examples of important records.


  1. Turkeys require specific records.
    1. Poults – poults are young birds that will be raised to be harvested for consumption. Specific records may include feed consumption, water consumption, weight, average daily gain, days on feed, and processing date.
    2. Breeding Stock – breeding stock are used to produce birds to repopulate the flock. Breeding date, birds mated, and hatching date are examples of important records to keep.


  • Whenever you begin a record keeping system, you must learn about the information requested on each form.
    1. Mortality (death) of birds – every day a record should be taken of any birds that did not survive.
    2. Feed used – daily records need to be taken on the quantity of feed fed to


  1. Cost – Financial records must be kept of any items bought or sold, e.g. feed, veterinary costs, equipment, supplies, birds, etc.


  1. Vaccinations – Specific vaccinations may be needed, depending on the bird and location of production facility. An accurate record must be kept to insure sufficient withdrawal times.
  2. Hens removed – Periodically hens must be removed from the flock when their productivity is too low. Be sure to keep record of which bird, when she was removed, and the reason for removal.
  3. Eggs produced – Eggs must be collected and recorded daily. Be sure to include any inconsistency noticed.

Application: Application can involve one or more of the following activities using:

Brooding Record

Pullet Growing Record

Monthly Laying Flock Record


Date chicks started: ________ No. chicks started: ________ Breed or cross: _______


Mortality (number of chicks that died)

Week Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Total

Total: _________

Feed Used

Chick starter   _______kg      Cost ________NGN               Cost of fuel     ________

Grower            _______kg      Cost ________NGN               Cost of chicks ________

Broiler Feed    _______kg      Cost ________NGN               Cost of feed    ________

Other               _______kg      Cost ________NGN               Other               ________

TOTAL           _______kg      Cost ________NGN              Total________


Chicks dead to end of brooding period _________

Weight of feed used per chick started __________

Weight of feed used per chick raised ___________

Income (birds sold or used as broilers)__________

Expenses ________________________________

Net profit or loss ____________________


Date chicks started: April 1 No. chicks started: 50     Breed or cross: local grown

Mortality (number of chicks that died)

Week Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Total
1st     1   1     2
2nd             1 1
3rd               0
4th 1     1   1   3
5th               0
6th       2       2
7th   1           1
8th     1         1
9th         1     1
10th           1   1

Total: _12______


(Starts at 10th week and ends at the completion of week first eggs were laid)


Number of birds at 10 weeks ___________


Mortality (number of pullets that died)

10th week __________           16th week __________           22nd week __________

11th week __________           17th week __________           23rd week __________

12th week __________           18th week __________           24th week __________

13th week __________           19th week __________           25th week __________

14th week __________           20th week __________

15th week __________           21st week __________           TOTAL     __________

Vaccination Record

Date Fowl Pox Bronchitis Newcastle Cost

Total Cost of Vaccination __________


Weight Feed Used

  Grower Other Cost
10th week
11th week
12th week
13th week
14th week
15th week
16th week
17th week
18th week
19th week
20th week
21st week
22nd week
23rd week
24th week
25th week

Total Feed Costs ____________________


Number of birds that died during growing period __________

Weight per pullet for the growing period              __________

Brooding costs                                                          __________

Pullet growing costs                                                 __________

Total cost to date                                                    __________



Date hens started to lay __________      Number hens at start of laying __________


Number hens that died or were removed from the flock

1st month ____________________         7th month ____________________

2nd month ____________________        8th month ____________________

3rd month ____________________         9th month ____________________

4th month ____________________         10th month ___________________

5th month ____________________         11th month ___________________

6th month ____________________         12th month ___________________


Eggs Produced

Monthly Totals Egg Sales
1st month
2nd month
3rd month
4th month
5th month
6th month
7th month
8th month
9th month
10th month
11th month
12th month



Feed Used                Cost

Layer           ________kg     ________

Oyster shell ________kg    ________

Other          ________kg     ________

Total          ________kg    ________



Feed per hen for period          __________

Average number eggs per hen

Total egg sales                            _______

Total costs at start of lay              _______

Feed & other costs during lay     _______

Total                                               _______ profit or loss                              _______


(Include in your records the value of all eggs used at home.  Calculate value based on retail market price at time of use.)

Compiled by:

Mr Okunlola Adewumi

Farmergiant Nigeria Limited


For more information contact Farmergiant Nigeria Limited on poultry equipments,consultancy e.t.c


About admin


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