Poultry industry remains untapped as there is constant demand for the products. Some of the greatest challenges most poultry farmers in Nigeria face are the inability to maintain a proficient production cycle, either which could be due to poor management ,inability to get access to information and consultancy services(professional service)and improper record keeping .Other issues which have great influence on poultry business includes:
• Lack of government support
• High cost of inputs
• Poor quality inputs
• Lack of standards
• Exploitation of middle men and
• Poor marketing channels
The major objectives of this program are:
• To help farmers get access to information they need to enable a smooth business environment.
• Discover the critical issues of poultry farming which are taken for granted by most farmers which often become very fatal, leading to preventable losses.
• To teach farmers actions that guarantee sustainable stability, reduced risk , cost minimization and profit maximization.
• Help farmers understand the fundamental parameters of measuring success, especially given the peculiar biological nature of the poultry industry.

• Land
• Housing
• Breed quality
• Management
• Nutrition
• Disease

These indices influence the overall outcome of any poultry production cycle, and must necessarily be strongly focused on by the farmer to ensure that all fundamentals relating to the above factors are well within control. Building a very strong foundation is the basis for future successes and investment stability.

Markets should be easily accessible to enhance sales and movement of poultry products, also the location of the farm should be far from residential areas, to avoid disturbance from the neighbourhood. Note that the farm location should have good road access, good water source amongst others.

The housing should be well aerated and protect the birds from rain and all adverse weather conditions, the building orientation should be that the long axis of the poultry must be in the East-West direction to ensure the sun cast its shadow on the long axis of the building which ensure cooling conditions during sunrise and sun sets. Also there must be adequate spacing between two buildings to allow free air movement.

For you to achieve good quality breed you must ensure the following;
• Buy quality breed /chicks from only reputable hatcheries with good history and pedigree or insist your distributor buy from your choice hatchery.
• Do not accept any stock that is not your choice as this could be the beginning of fatal failure.
• Best for you to plan and be patient than compromise standards.
• Good quality chicks are a critical foundational item for your poultry factory.
• Do not mix chicks from different hatcheries as this may help to spread disease within your stock.
• Before placing your stock order, please do contact our staff, who will advise you on the breed performance and standards from different hatcheries.
In other to have full knowledge of management of DOC please do read our article on; “HOW TO MAINTAIN AN HEALTHY CHICKS START”.
However little emphasis will be highlighted here on what to know from brooding to when they will be ready as point of lay birds, where birds are required to continue on battery cage system. Here are the requirements from you on how to maintain a healthy chick start.

• Move all equipment outside for cleaning, washing and scrubbing with a powerful disinfectant and apply insecticide on the surrounding environment.
• Wash floor and walls.
• After cleaning allow at least two weeks break after cleaning before birds are brought in
• Clean and adjust brooders, charcoal pot and heaters.
• When floor is dry, spread old newspapers evenly and later replace with wood shavings after a period of 2 weeks.
• Partition the floor area to ensure acceptable stocking density in pens.
• Set up the brooder or charcoal pot and probably put the charcoal in place.

Brooders varies, while usage is often dictated by economics and availability, no matter which, the critical issues is that the brooders supply enough heat, without leaving fumes which could be hazardous to the birds.
Many chicks deaths during brooding are often due to asphyxiation from carbon monoxide inhalation, though brooders could be of gas hoover, electric lamps, heaters where charcoal are used, ventilation should be such that un-burnt gases do not suffocate the birds.

• Ventilate house at time of starting brooding. Do not close the house tightly and moist wind should be avoided.
• Spread old newspaper evenly on the floor.
• Operate the brooder heater and lower it so that the thermometer reading above litter reads about 34.6(95F)
• Put in feeders and drinkers around the brooder. Put chick drinkers and tray feeders for the first 7days of life
• Chicks should be introduced to trough feeding from 7 to 10 days

• When chicks arrived, count and remove dead or crippled birds. Sometimes birds from a long flight or journey are in coma, and these may be thought dead.
• A few drops of water down their throat and exposure to air might revive them, a syringe or dropper could be used to administer water into the mouth of weakened chicks.
• Brooder temperature should start at about 34.6c (95F) and be lowered to 32C(90F) by end of the week
• Ensure brooders temperature is maintained, and in the absence of thermometer, the best guide to determine temperature condition and requirement of birds is through the behaviour of birds themselves.
a) Crowding of chicks near the source of heat is a sign of insufficient brooding temperature.
b) If brooder temperature is high, the chicks usually spread their wings and stay at a far distance from the source of heat.
c) The best situation is when the birds are evenly distributed around the brooder.

a) Start with broilers starter or super starter from Vital Feed Plc for four weeks.
b) Continue with broilers finisher from vital feed till the birds are sold off
a) Use broilers starter from vital feed from day old to 3 weeks
b) Change to chick mash from 4th week to 8 weeks
c) Change to grower mash from 9 weeks to 20 weeks
d) Introduced layers mash when you start seeing eggs until you finally give the layers mash
Floor space for rearing
a) 0- 6 WEEKS; 1/2 square feet per bird or 15.1 square cm per bird.
b) 6- 12 weeks; 1 square feet per bird or 30.5square cm per bird.
c) 12 weeks; 2 square feet per bird or 61 square cm per bird
d) 14-weeks old the birds are ready to be cage, which premium cages should be bought from our company.
• TEMPERATURE: After brooding, the temperature of the pen house should be less than room temperature which is always within 21C.
• WATER: The water should be clean at all times, the drinkers should be checked at an hour interval, any debris should be removed, and where there is no water it should be replaced clean water. Also the farmer should always check the water nipples at all times to ensure efficient egg production
• FEEDER: As earlier indicated, place feed in the feeding tray for the first 7 days and replace it with feed troughs. Each 100 birds should have 2.44m(8ft) linear feeding space or 2.5cm (1inch) per bird
• VENTILATION: Frequently adjust window coverings and when the need arises to maintain standard temperature and humidity.
• LITTERS MANAGEMENT: The litters should be changed as soon as they are wet in other to prevent diseases and also avoid ammonia build up which can have effect on the birds
• DEBEAKING: Losses due to pecking are always a major cause of mortality in laying stocks, proper trimming of the beak requires careful supervision of a veterinarian, if not done properly, can lead to feed wastage.
• BIOSECURITY: Always provide foot dips with disinfectant at all points of entry to the pen house. Where possible provide vehicular dip or spray points, ensure all feeding and drinking equipment are washed daily.
• VACCINATION: In conjunction with your veterinarian, do arrange a tested and proved vaccination program for your farm, but ensure that all vaccines are obtained from a reputable source.
• FARM RECORD: A daily record showing all activities carried out in the farm should be kept, as well as keeping vital information like mortality, morbidity, stock population, age, vaccination and medicaments, feed consumption, daily egg production etc should be given full consideration for future purposes.

About Farmergiant Nigeria Limited


  1. I precisely needed to thank you so much once again. I do not know the things that I might have used without the entire opinions provided by you over that subject matter. Certainly was an absolute difficult case in my circumstances, but discovering your specialised manner you handled that forced me to weep with happiness. Extremely grateful for your assistance and in addition hope that you are aware of a great job you are providing instructing most people all through a web site. I am certain you have never got to know all of us.

  2. I would like to express thanks to the writer just for bailing me out of this dilemma. Right after looking out throughout the online world and getting strategies which were not beneficial, I was thinking my life was over. Existing devoid of the solutions to the problems you’ve sorted out by means of the write-up is a crucial case, and ones that might have in a negative way affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across your site. Your mastery and kindness in playing with every part was vital. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not come across such a step like this. It’s possible to at this point look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for this reliable and results-oriented help. I won’t be reluctant to propose the blog to anybody who ought to have counselling on this subject matter.

  3. An impressive share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing a little bit analysis on this. And he in truth bought me breakfast as a result of I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying more on this topic. If possible, as you turn into experience, would you thoughts updating your weblog with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Large thumb up for this weblog submit!

  4. I would like to voice my appreciation for your kind-heartedness in support of those individuals that require assistance with this content. Your special dedication to passing the solution all-around turned out to be exceptionally important and has really permitted folks just like me to reach their desired goals. Your amazing insightful key points entails so much to me and a whole lot more to my colleagues. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  5. Oh my goodness! an amazing article dude. Thanks Nevertheless I’m experiencing subject with ur rss . Don抰 know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anyone getting an identical rss drawback? Anyone who is aware of kindly respond. Thnkx

  6. I wish to show my gratitude for your kindness giving support to persons that require help on your subject matter. Your very own commitment to passing the message all over has been really valuable and have enabled most people just like me to reach their objectives. Your new useful guide entails so much a person like me and even further to my peers. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  7. I would like to voice my admiration for your generosity in support of visitors who really need help on this particular subject matter. Your very own commitment to getting the message up and down has been extraordinarily good and has all the time empowered others just like me to achieve their aims. Your informative key points implies much a person like me and somewhat more to my mates. Warm regards; from each one of us.

  8. You alway write amazing posts! I posted this on Facebook and my followers liked it. Are you ever going to more on this topic? I subscribed to your blog so hopefully I’ll get notified when you post again. Thanks!

  9. Really cool post! I just shared this and it’s already received 60 like. Keep up the good work. I visit your site pretty often and I always feel a little smarter after I’m done. Thanks again!

  10. You alway write awesome articles! I put this on Twitter and my followers loved it. Are you going to more on this subject? I subscribed to your blog so hopefully I’ll get notified when you post again. Thanks!

  11. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all of us you really recognise what you are speaking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also discuss with my site =). We can have a link exchange agreement between us!

  12. I have realized that of all different types of insurance, medical care insurance is the most debatable because of the issue between the insurance cover company’s necessity to remain making money and the consumer’s need to have insurance plan. Insurance companies’ earnings on health plans are certainly low, so some companies struggle to generate income. Thanks for the concepts you share through this blog.

  13. Thanks for these pointers. One thing I additionally believe is that often credit cards presenting a 0 interest often attract consumers together with zero interest, instant approval and easy online balance transfers, nonetheless beware of the most recognized factor that may void the 0 easy streets annual percentage rate as well as throw anybody out into the bad house fast.

  14. I simply wanted to thank you a lot more for the amazing site you have built here. It’s full of ideas for those who are actually interested in this particular subject, in particular this very post. You’re really all so sweet plus thoughtful of others in addition to the fact that reading your blog posts is a wonderful delight with me. And such a generous reward! Ben and I will certainly have excitement making use of your suggestions in what we should instead do in a few days. Our collection of ideas is a mile long so your tips will definitely be put to great use.

  15. Good post. I be taught something more difficult on totally different blogs everyday. It’ll all the time be stimulating to read content material from different writers and practice a bit of something from their store. I抎 desire to use some with the content material on my weblog whether you don抰 mind. Natually I抣l offer you a link on your net blog. Thanks for sharing.

  16. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this info. Today bloggers publish only about gossip and net stuff and this is really frustrating. A good web site with interesting content, this is what I need. Thanks for making this web site, and I’ll be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  17. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

Leave a Reply to Farmergiant Nigeria Limited Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *